Know Your Rights: What to Do When Pulled Over in Texas

A Defendant’s Guide to Texas Robbery Laws

Understanding the complexities of robbery laws in Texas is crucial for any defendant facing such charges. Knowing what constitutes robbery and the potential consequences can impact your approach to building a defense. With the stakes so high, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of your legal situation.

Vinas & Graham, PLLC, walks us through the legal framework, potential defenses, and the importance of seeking experienced legal representation when facing robbery charges in Texas.

Definition of Robbery in Texas

In Texas, robbery is defined as when, in the course of committing theft, a person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to another or threatens or places another in fear of imminent physical injury or death.

This definition highlights the dual elements of theft and assault, distinguishing robbery from simple theft.

Types of Robbery Offenses

Texas law categorizes robbery offenses into two main types: simple robbery and aggravated robbery.

Simple Robbery: This involves the basic elements of theft combined with assault or threats of assault.

Aggravated Robbery: Involves additional factors such as causing serious bodily injury, using or exhibiting a deadly weapon, or targeting a vulnerable victim (e.g., elderly or disabled individuals).

Penalties for Robbery in Texas

Robbery is a second-degree felony in Texas, punishable by 2 to 20 years in prison and a fine of up to $10,000. Aggravated robbery is a first-degree felony, carrying a potential sentence of 5 to 99 years or life in prison and a fine of up to $10,000.

These severe penalties underscore the seriousness of robbery charges and the importance of a robust defense strategy.

Common Defenses Against Robbery Charges

Several defenses can be employed in robbery cases, depending on the circumstances:

Mistaken Identity: Contending that the defendant was not the individual who committed the robbery.

Lack of Intent: Demonstrating that the defendant did not intend to cause harm or fear.

Alibi: Demonstrating that the defendant was in a different location when the crime took place.

Coercion or Duress: Proving that the defendant was coerced into committing the robbery due to threats of harm.

Each of these defenses requires careful preparation and substantial evidence to be effective.

Steps to Take If Accused of Robbery

If you are accused of robbery in Texas, it is essential to take immediate and strategic actions to safeguard your rights and construct a strong defense. Here are the steps to take:

  1. Remain Silent: Do not discuss the case with anyone other than your attorney. Anything you say can and will be used against you in court.
  2. Contact an Attorney: Contact a criminal defense attorney promptly. An experienced and reputable attorney can guide you through the legal process and help develop an effective defense strategy.
  3. Gather Evidence: Collect all evidence that may support your defense, such as surveillance footage, witness statements, or alibi documentation.
  4. Prepare for Court: Collaborate closely with your attorney to prepare for court appearances, comprehend the charges, and craft a compelling defense.

Hiring a skilled criminal defense attorney is vital for anyone facing robbery charges. An attorney is crucial in evaluating your case by assessing the evidence and identifying potential defenses. They work closely with prosecutors to negotiate plea bargains, which can potentially reduce charges or penalties. An attorney represents you in court, advocating on your behalf during hearings and trials. Throughout the legal process, they provide ongoing legal guidance, advice, and support to help you make informed decisions.

An attorney familiar with robbery cases can significantly impact the outcome of your case.  Their expertise and advocacy are essential in navigating the complexities of the legal system, ensuring that your rights are protected and that you receive the best possible defense. With their help, you can better understand your situation and work towards a favorable resolution.

Taking Action to Protect Your Future in Texas Robbery Cases

Robbery charges in Texas are serious matters with potentially life-altering consequences. Understanding the legal definitions, potential penalties, and available defenses is crucial for any defendant. By taking proactive measures and obtaining experienced legal representation, you can more effectively protect your rights and strive for a favorable outcome. Always remember, the key to a strong defense lies in early and strategic action guided by a competent attorney.

Joe Vinas and Spence Graham focus on both state and federal criminal law, bringing a wealth of experience to every case we handle. As former felony chief prosecutors, our attorneys have a robust understanding of the criminal justice system and are well-equipped to develop effective defense strategies. If you are facing robbery charges, contact Vinas & Graham, PLLC, today to ensure you have the best possible representation and to start building a robust defense for your future.

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